Inside a Nuclear Power Plant | HowStuffWorks MechanismPreventionFunctionOperationIn order to turn nuclear fission into electrical energy, nuclear power plant operators have to control the energy given off by the enriched uranium and allow it to heat water into steam. That steam then drives turbines to generate electricity [source: NEI].See more on sciencetuffworks Explanation of Nuclear Power Plant block diagram with Click to view on Bing5:45Explanation of Nuclear Power Plant block diagram with Animation. Digital Blackboard. Loading Nuclear Power Plant Safety Systems - Duration: 11:36.Author: Digital BlackboardViews: 77K Nuclear Power Plant | Working Principle Of Nuclear Power Plant BLOCK DIAGRAM OF NUCLEAR POWER PLANT: 1. Nuclear Reactor:-Nuclear reactor is the main component of nuclear power plant and nuclear fuel is subjected to nuclear fissionear fission is a process where a heavy nucleus is spitted into two or more smaller nuclei. . Basic Layout and Working of a Nuclear Power Plant The image below shows basic components and layout of a nuclear power station. Basic components of a nuclear power plant Nuclear Reactor. A nuclear reactor is a special apparatus used to perform nuclear fission. Since the nuclear fission is radioactive, the reactor is covered by a protective shield.